The hottest pollutant discharge enterprises will w

2022-08-08
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In 2018, pollutant discharge enterprises will wear the "Curse of environmental protection tax"

release date: Source: Xinhua editor: Yu Jia browsing times: 2456 copyright and disclaimer

core tip: as China's first separate tax law to promote the construction of ecological civilization, the environmental protection tax law of the people's Republic of China will enter into force on January 1, 2018. This marks that the "fee to tax" in the field of environmental protection in China will be confirmed and solidified in the form of legislation, and also means that China's sewage charging system, which has been implemented for nearly 40 years, will withdraw from the historical stage. For enterprises, polluting enterprises such as air pollutant and water pollutant discharge enterprises will wear a "tight hoop curse" from 2018

[China Packaging News] as China's first separate tax law to promote the construction of ecological civilization, the "universal material testing machine of the people's Republic of China is suitable for which industries? What should be paid attention to? The environmental protection tax law of the people's Republic of China" came into force on January 1, 2018. This marks that the "fee to tax" in the field of environmental protection in China will be confirmed and solidified in the form of legislation, and also means that China's sewage charging system, which has been implemented for nearly 40 years, will withdraw from the historical stage. For enterprises, polluting enterprises such as air pollutant and water pollutant discharge enterprises will wear a "tight hoop curse" from 2018

on December 25th, 2016, the 25th meeting of the Standing Committee of the 12th National People's Congress voted to adopt the environmental protection tax law of the people's Republic of China. According to the environmental protection tax law, enterprises, institutions and other producers and operators that directly discharge taxable pollutants into the environment are taxpayers. The tax objects refer to the four taxable pollutants of air pollutants, water pollutants, solid waste and noise specified in the table of environmental protection tax items and tax amounts and taxable pollutants and equivalent values attached to the "environmental protection tax law"

in terms of tax basis, the emission of taxable pollutants is taken as the tax basis. Among them, air pollutants and water pollutants are determined according to the equivalent number of pollution converted by emissions; Solid waste is determined according to the discharge of solid waste; The noise shall be determined according to the decibel number exceeding the national standard

at the same time, in terms of tax collection and management, after the environmental protection fee is changed to tax, the collection department will be changed from the environmental protection department to the tax authority. With the cooperation of the environmental protection department, the tax collection and management mode of "enterprise declaration, tax collection, environmental protection monitoring, information sharing" will be opened

on December 28, Chongqing's environmental protection tax plan was released, that is, from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2020, the tax standard of air pollutants is 2.4 yuan per pollution equivalent, and the tax standard of water pollutants is 3 yuan per pollution equivalent; From January 1, 2021, the tax standard for air pollutants is 3.5 yuan per pollution equivalent, and the tax standard for water pollutants is 3 yuan per pollution equivalent

it is learned that at present, most provinces in the country have determined the specific tax amount, and the preparatory work before the environmental protection tax is steadily and orderly advancing

among them, Liaoning, Jilin, Anhui, Jiangxi and other provinces have made it clear that the applicable tax amount of taxable air pollutants and water pollutants is levied according to the minimum tax amount determined by the environmental protection tax law, that is, each pollution equivalent is 1.2 yuan and 1.4 yuan respectively

the tax amount formulated in some regions such as Zhejiang and Hubei is slightly higher than the minimum tax amount stipulated in the environmental protection tax law, and the tax amount determined in Jiangsu, Hainan and Sichuan is moderate. Some provinces have set a transition period for the applicable tax

Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei have generally determined higher specific applicable taxes for air pollutants and water pollutants. Beijing implements the highest tax rate. The applicable tax amount of taxable air pollutants is 12 yuan per pollution equivalent, and the applicable tax amount of taxable water pollutants is 14 yuan per pollution equivalent, all in accordance with the upper limit of tax amount specified in the environmental protection tax law. Hebei province divides the environmental protection tax into three levels, namely, the amount of major pollutants in plastic products and water that can only be produced by major air polluting enterprises, which are implemented according to 8 times, 5 times and 4 times of the lower limit of environmental protection tax respectively. In addition, the applicable tax in Shanghai, Tianjin, Jiangsu and other provinces exceeded the lower limit of tax by three times

some insiders predict that once the environmental protection tax is levied, the scale will far exceed the current sewage charge, and the annual levy may reach 50billion yuan. Among them, enterprises that discharge air pollutants and water pollutants are the most affected

experts pointed out that forcing enterprises to strengthen environmental governance and reduce pollutant emissions with sewage charges has played an important role in preventing and controlling environmental pollution and protecting the environment in China. However, there are some problems in the actual implementation, such as the lack of rigidity of law enforcement, the intervention of local governments and departments, which constitute the industrial cluster of cold rolled sheet deep processing in the high-tech zone, affecting the effective play of the function of the system. After the implementation of the environmental protection tax law, the "fee to tax" in the field of environmental protection in China will be confirmed and solidified in the form of legislation

experts said that the income scale of the environmental protection tax is not large. The main purpose of changing the sewage charge to tax is not to raise fiscal revenue, but to guide SABIC to launch innovative polypropylene products in the field of melt blown fiber utilization through tax leverage. It is precisely to meet these challenges that the emission units reduce pollutant emissions, and its environmental protection significance is far greater than the significance of fiscal revenue

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