Investigation on the hottest food addition a large

2022-07-27
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"Food addition" investigation: chemical system loopholes caused a large number of raw materials to flow out

toxic milk powder added with melamine, lean meat ham added with clenbuterol hydrochloride, beef paste added with various amino acids... Recently, a wave of food safety incidents have aroused great concern from all parties. These originally unfamiliar chemical terms have become household names because they are associated with well-known foods. Food additives have gradually become synonymous with making profits, violating laws, harming people, and even drugs

on April 21, the State Council issued the notice on severely cracking down on illegal food additives and effectively strengthening the supervision of food additives (hereinafter referred to as the notice), indicating that it will crack down on illegal food additives and carry out comprehensive control over illegal food additives. By the end of this year, the health Department will formulate and publish the general safety standards for food compound additives and the labeling standards for food additives

food additives will encounter an unprecedented comprehensive encirclement and suppression

is food additive a scapegoat

are food additives really a scourge and the culprit of food safety incidents

"no, food additives are being 'demonized'." Sunbaoguo, academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering and vice president of Beijing Industrial and Commercial University, explained to China Economic Weekly that, first of all, we should correct the name of food additives. "These additives that lead to poison are not food additives. People confuse the concept of illegal additives with food additives, and food additives have become scapegoats for food safety problems."

on April 23, the office of the Food Safety Commission of the State Council published a list of 151 illegal additives in food and feed, including 47 "illegal non edible substances" that may be added to food, 22 "easily abused food additives" and 82 "special tips on drugs and substances prohibited from use in feed, animal drinking water and livestock and poultry aquaculture"

so, what is a food additive

the Joint Food Regulations Committee of the food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Health Organization (who) defines food additives as: food additives are non nutritive substances that are intentionally added in small amounts to food to improve the appearance, flavor, organizational structure or storage properties of food

at present, there are 23 categories and more than 2000 varieties of food additives in China, among which spices and essence are the most, reaching more than 1800. Among them, the most common are bleaching agents, bulking agents, colorants, flavor enhancers, preservatives, spices, etc

"almost all foods contain food additives." Sunbaoguo believes that food additives are not only harmful to the body, but also substances to ensure food safety. "There is no food safety without food additives."

food additives can not only improve the "appearance" and taste of food, but also facilitate food processing and better adapt to production mechanization and automation. Most importantly, food additives are convenient for food preservation and can prevent deterioration. "For example, the previous zero dozen soy sauce will grow hair after being placed for a long time, which is very unsanitary, but this problem will not exist after adding preservatives."

for people with special needs, food additives are even the "savior". "Diabetics cannot eat sugar, so they need non nutritional sweeteners or low calorie sweeteners. These food additives realize the supply of sugar free food." Sunbaoguo said

in fact, the use principle of food additives is the same as that of drugs. The key is to measure the corresponding relationship between dose and effect. Sunbaoguo said that the use of food additives requires three conditions: first, necessity. Food processing can not be added without food additives. For example, the Ministry of health officially issued an announcement on March 1 this year, revoking the flour whitening agent. Second, security. In addition to scientific experiments, China will only approve food additives that have been proved safe and reliable in at least two developed countries (with a few exceptions, such as cinnamon). Third, legitimacy. It is only legal for food enterprises to use food additives approved by the state

is China's food safety standard too loose

not long ago, Master Kang's instant noodles were questioned because they contained "beef paste". What caused an uproar was that the Guangzhou Administration for Industry and Commerce made a judgment of "legality" without punishment

the reason why "beef paste" is "legal" is that "beef paste", "yidixiang" and "bleached noodles" are all added ingredients composed of a variety of food additives. These "unheard of" compound additives have not been included in the scope of "expressly prohibited" regulations, and there are no regulations on dosage and legitimacy

"there have been countless times to talk about regulations and standards." An expert from the Ministry of Health said that whenever a food safety incident occurs, disputes over food additives will eventually settle on regulations and standards, "this is inertia."

however, there is no doubt that the industrial testing standards of some foods in China are lower than internationally recognized standards. For example, in the recent Nestle infant products, there may be excessive heavy metals. According to China's current standards, it is indeed "within the legal scope", but China's maximum limit is 100 times that of the United States

according to public reports, over the years, China's food export qualification rate has remained above 99.8% and the domestic food qualification rate has remained above 90%. Although the gap is only 9 percentage points, it has exposed the embarrassment of food safety standards "or differences between the inside and outside of the serial port line". The reality of this "double standard" has given birth to the saying that "first-class products are exported and second-class products are sold domestically", Whether China's food safety standards are looser than foreign standards has always been one of the puzzles of consumers about food safety

on April 21, the Ministry of Health issued the announcement that China's food safety standards are basically consistent with international standards. The announcement said that there are differences in food standards among countries in the world, but China's standards are basically consistent with international standards. In addition, enterprises are encouraged to formulate enterprise standards stricter than national standards according to the needs of international competition

the announcement shows that the compliance rate between China's food safety standards and Codex Alimentarius standard items and index values exceeds 70%, and even some of China's standards are higher than international standards. For example, substances such as ractopamine and benzoyl peroxide, which are allowed to be used abroad, are prohibited in China. Therefore, the circular specifically states: "the comparison of different national standards should be comprehensive and objective, and should not be based on individual standards or indicators."

the biggest good news is that the introduction of China's food additive standards finally has a clear schedule: "the Ministry of health will formulate and publish the general safety standards for compound food additives and the labeling standards for food additives before the end of 2011." At that time, "beef paste", "yidixiang", "bleached noodles" and other compound food additives will no longer be "impossible to rely on"

before the introduction of the standard, "for food additives without national standards, relevant enterprises or industry organizations can apply for specifying product standards with reference to international organizations or relevant national standards in accordance with relevant regulations."

"the Ministry of health has published the list of the first batch of illegal additives and food additives that are prone to abuse. Taking this as a starting point, by the end of the year, more perfect and rigorous standards will be issued. At that time, all foods will undergo a major inventory or even multiple times." The expert said

severe laws and regulations against chaos and the "whistle blowing act"

"there are many laws and regulations on food safety in China, even more stringent than the international standard." An expert from the Ministry of Health said that there are more than 20 laws related to food safety in China, including nearly 40 administrative regulations and more than 150 departmental rules. According to his introduction, in 2001 and 2008, China reiterated the prohibition of the use of "Clenbuterol", but so far, the United States has allowed the use of "Clenbuterol" with specified ingredients. In addition, in 2007, China took the lead in establishing the food recall system, which was only established in the United States in January 2011

"our problem lies in the implementation process." The expert believes that in the recent Shuanghui "Clenbuterol" incident, the CCTV "3.15" evening party revealed the nominal 18 inspection procedures through a short film of unannounced visits. "Every link can be bribed, and supervision is the cause of the disease."

On April 21, Li Keqiang, vice premier of the State Council and director of the Food Safety Commission of the State Council, attended the national video conference on cracking down on the illegal addition and abuse of food additives. He stressed that we should take the food safety law as the criterion, strictly regulate and control chaos, increase punishment, and effectively change the problem of low illegal cost, so that criminals can pay a high price and truly play a deterrent role. Once illegal additions are found, they should be promptly investigated and dealt with. The problematic products should be seized at the first time, ordered to stop production and business, and given severe economic penalties. For those intentionally added, their licenses and equipment shall be revoked, and the person in charge of the enterprise shall not engage in the relevant food industry

this speech was evaluated by insiders as "the most severe food safety regulation in history". "Most of the previous punishments were based on fines from the industrial and commercial departments. Generally, the upper limit was less than 50000 yuan. For criminals, the illegal cost was too low, and the illegal profits were too high. As a result, repeated prohibitions were not stopped, and even punishments were committed at the same time."

in addition to strict management of enterprises, we should also strengthen supervision. "Weak supervision is mainly reflected in the six major departments related to food safety. The division of labor among departments is unclear, and the responsibilities and rights are unclear. It is easy to have fuzzy areas." Experts say

at the video conference, Li Keqiang requested that the government staff involved in the case, if the circumstances were serious, should be dismissed from public office according to law and discipline. Those suspected of committing crimes should be transferred to the judicial organs in time, and severely punished in accordance with the newly issued amendment to the criminal law

the newly released notice also clarifies once again the responsibilities of quality inspection, industry and commerce, health and other departments, emphasizes that the administrative accountability of food additives will be strengthened, and proposes that before the end of 2011, all regulatory departments should establish food safety credit files for all food producers and operators according to the system. "This file will not only play a role of self-discipline and restraint for production enterprises, but also further refine the responsibility scope and accountability mechanism of each department to avoid mutual prevarication and evasion among departments." Experts said

economist langxianping once suggested that in terms of food safety supervision, the "whistle blowing act" of the United States can be used for reference, and the way of "delegating power to the people" can be used to achieve reasonable supervision, so as to change the current contradiction that government departments are both makers and executors of the rules of the game

"whistle blowing act" is a whistleblower protection act. Its main purpose is to achieve internal supervision, that is, everyone can come forward to expose corruption, conspiracy, injustice and other insider information by means of whistleblowing in order to maintain social justice. Whistleblowers will be protected by law

"everyone who knows the inside story can come forward to expose, Sue and report, and they will be protected, exempted and rewarded. In this way, the case of 'Shuanghui clenbuterol' will have been solved long ago." Lang said

at present, in the notice

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